TOP

Fulton County Gospel News

a work of the mammoth spring church of christ

Articles

Once For All, Part 1

By Lee Moses

When the reader hears the phrase, “once for all,” what does he or she immediately think? An action has taken place that has accomplished what it was intended to accomplish. An action has taken place that does not need to be repeated. “I have mastered the Rubik’s Cube once for all.” “I have sworn off drinking alcohol once for all.”  No longer will one struggle to solve the Rubik’s Cube; no longer will one drink any alcoholic beverages. The phrase “once for all”[1] is found once in the King James Version, and five times in the American Standard and New King James versions. The appearances of this and similar terms or phrases clarify many doctrinal misunderstandings in the modern religious world. The appearances of these terms also teach us about the sufficiency of God’s work, and about our response and responsibilities in light of that sufficiency. Consider some things that are “once for all,” beginning with several events mentioned in Hebrews 9:26-28.

The Earthly Appearance of Christ
 
“…[B]ut now once in the end of the world [‘at the end of the ages,’ ASV] hath he appeared to put away sin…” (Hebrews 9:26, all emphases LM). The original word for “once” (hapax) is the same elsewhere rendered “once for all,” as several translations render it in this passage. 
 
All previous history culminated in the life and death of Jesus Christ (Galatians 4:4). This was the one time in history when “God was manifest in the flesh” (1 Timothy 3:16).[2] Following Christ’s appearance on the earth, mankind has entered into “the last days” (Isaiah 2:2; Acts 2:16-17; Hebrews 1:2). “[Christ] verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you” (1 Peter 1:20). The long expectations of the Jews and the long needs of all mankind were met in the person of Jesus Christ and in the kingdom He established: “And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins” (1 John 3:5, compare with Isaiah 53). 
 
Premillennialists teach that Jesus will return to the earth to set up a worldly kingdom centered in Jerusalem. However, the “once-for-all” description of His appearance on earth tells us this cannot be true (as do other numerous flaws with this doctrine). To sing, “Our Lord will return to this earth some sweet day” is misleading at best. While Jesus will indeed “appear the second time” (Hebrews 9:28), His return will be brief (John 5:28; 1 Corinthians 15:52; 2 Peter 3:10), and His return will be in the clouds (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17).  The Bible never teaches that He will again set foot on earth.  He did that once, and accomplished what He intended to accomplish (John 17:4).
 
Man’s Physical Death
 
“[I]t is appointed unto men once to die” (Hebrews 9:27). Finality permeates death. As David observed upon the death of his infant son, “But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me” (2 Samuel 12:23). David could not do anything to change the fact that his son had died; neither could his son nor any other man.  A transition takes place at death that no man can undo: “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it” (Ecclesiastes 12:7).
 
While the soul and spirit of man continues to live after physical death (Genesis 35:18; James 2:26) and a bodily resurrection is to come (John 5:28-29; 1 Corinthians 15:22ff), the pursuits that consume the largest part of man’s time and devotion cease upon physical death. Once death has come, one cannot undo the mistakes of his life. Contrary to the various doctrines of reincarnation, one does not get a “second try at life” once death has come.
 
As Solomon observed, life has a purpose: “Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man [‘this is man’s all,’ NKJV] (Ecclesiastes 12:13). As Paul proclaimed, “[God] hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation; that they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after him, and find him, though he be not far from every one of us” (Acts 17:26-27). Upon Solomon’s late understanding that he had wasted years of his life apart from his purpose, he urged others, “Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them” (Ecclesiastes 12:1).  Whether or not one thinks of himself as “in the days of his youth,” now is the time to remember our Creator. Once death comes, there will be no second chance (compare with Luke 12:20; 16:22-26).
 
The Sacrifice of Christ
 
The Saviour’s sacrifice upon the cross was likewise a one-time event:
 
Nor yet that [Christ] should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; for then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.  And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: so Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many… (Hebrews 9:25-28).
 
The very reason the Hebrews writer spoke of each man’s death as being “once for all” was to show that, in the same way, Christ’s offering was “once for all,” never to happen again. Christ was not to offer Himself “often” (verse 25), or “frequently,” or “many times.”[3] As observed earlier, when one hears the phrase “once for all,” he thinks of an action that does not need repeating—indeed, it is an action that cannot be repeated.[4]
 
However, some insist that Christ’s sacrifice must be repeated. As an advocate of the Roman Catholic Church states, “The Roman Catholic Church believes that a religion without sacrifice possesses but an imperfect and defective external worship; for sacrifice alone is essentially an external and visible expression of that supreme adoration due to God.”[5] Thus, the Roman Catholic Church instituted the doctrine of the Mass, in which Christ is sacrificed each time they partake of the Eucharist (the Roman Catholic adaptation of the Lord’s Supper). As another asserts, “The Mass is the unbloody re-enactment of the sacrifice of Calvary. Through the consecration of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ, the Mass perpetuates the sacrifice of the Cross by offering to God the same Victim that was immolated on Calvary for the redemption of man.”[6] Such a practice denies that Christ’s one-time sacrifice is sufficient. If this does not trod under foot the Son of God, and count the blood of His covenant an unholy thing, I do not know what does (Hebrews 10:29). “For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God” (Romans 6:10).
 
The sacrifice of Christ was a unique event in all of history. Yes, there had been countless sacrifices made before, and there have been countless sacrifices made since. Some were useless sacrifices, either unauthorized by God (1 Samuel 13:9-12; Isaiah 66:3) or offered to false gods altogether (Deuteronomy 32:17; Judges 16:23). But even those prior sacrifices that were authorized and accepted by God were so only on the basis of Christ’s impending sacrifice of Himself (Romans 3:25; Hebrews 9:15; compare with 10:4).
 
As such, it is appalling that some professing “Christianity” today would allow that people can be saved and go to heaven without ever being washed in the blood of Christ. It is even more sickening that some professing “Christianity” are offended when someone affirms that the sacrifice of Christ is necessary for everyone. “And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world” (1 John 2:2). Any true Christian will be thankful and appreciative of what Christ’s sacrifice accomplished: “For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s: for this he did once [‘once for all,’ NKJV], when he offered up himself” (Hebrews 7:26-27).
[To be continued next month]
 


[1] From the Greek hapax or ephapax.
[2] Perhaps God’s visitation upon Sodom for inspection would qualify as an assumption of flesh (Genesis 18:8; 19:3); however, His purpose at that time was clearly not to manifest Himself to mankind (contrast with Matthew 1:23; John 1:18; 3:11-13; 14:9).
[3] Bauer, Danker, Arndt, and Gingrich, pollakis, in A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and other Early Christian Literature, 3rd ed. (Chicago: Univ. Of Chicago Press, 2000), p. 846.
[4] “The basic meaning of hapax in the NT…refers to the uniqueness of Christ’s work as something which cannot be repeated (Hebrews 9:26).” Gustav Stählin, Hapax, ephapax, in Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, ed. Gerhard Kittel (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1999 printing), 1:381.
[5] W. Wilmers, Handbook of the Christian Religion, ed. James Conway (New York: Benzinger Brothers, 1891), p. 336; quoted by Randy Mabe, “The Celebration of Mass and the Doctrine of Transubstantiation,” in Roman Catholicism, ed. David P. Brown (Spring, TX: Contending for the Faith, 2000), p. 345.
[6] John A. O’Brien, The Faith of Millions: The Credentials of the Catholic Religion (Huntington, IN: Our Sunday Visitor, 1938), p. 355.

Categories

search

Featured Articles

Beyond Vexing

“And delivered righteous Lot, sore distressed by the lascivious life of the wicked (for that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their lawless deeds)” (2 Peter 2:7-8, American S......

Is the Church of Our Lord Necessary?

It has long been the conviction of most denominational religions that one does not have to be a member of any church to be saved. One should then not be surprised to hear members of denominations say that it is not the church but Christ which saves. If a chu......

Once for All Part 3

“Once for all” is a term and concept that arises several times in Scripture. Such occurrences teach us about the sufficiency of God’s work, and about our appropriate response considering that sufficiency. The January and February issues of the Fulton County Go......