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Fulton County Gospel News

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The Throne of David

By Keith A. Mosher Sr.

A popular tenet of premillennialists is that Jesus will return to this earth one day and sit on David’s restored throne in the city of Jerusalem.  The restoration of Israel to a supposed former earthly power is basic to premillennialism.  Inherent in any restoration of Israel to prominence among the nations is the view that Christ must sit on a literal, material throne in Zion.  This view has no basis in the Bible.  This view is false.

The term, throne, can be defined as government, rule, or authority as used in the Bible.[1]  According to the Bible, there is a time when Christ will sit on David’s throne.  Why David’s throne?  Because he was a king (2 Sam. 5:4-5).  Because of the promise that God made to David concerning his throne (2 Sam. 7:12ff).  Because David ruled God’s people and Christ was promised as the ruler of God’s people (Isa. 9:6-7).

Why the Throne in Jerusalem?

The first question that needs to be answered is, “Why was David’s throne established in Jerusalem?”  David was chosen by God to succeed the first king, Saul, who failed to obey God in the matter of the Amalekites (1 Sam. 15).  God appointed Samuel the prophet to anoint the successor of Saul (1 Sam. 16:13).  David did not ascend to the throne of Israel until after Saul’s death and until after the elders of Israel anointed him king at Hebron (2 Sam. 5:2-3).  David reigned seven years and six months in Hebron (2 Sam. 5:5).  He then conquered Jerusalem and established his throne in that city (2 Sam. 5:9).  He would rule in Jerusalem for thirty-three years (2 Sam. 5:5).  Saul had reigned for forty years beginning about 1095 B.C.  About 1055 B.C. David began to rule in Hebron and ended his reign in 1015 B.C. in Jerusalem (1 Kg. 2:12).  “Then Solomon sat on the throne of the Lord as king instead of David his father, and prospered… (1 Chr. 29:23).  Note: the throne of David is here called “the throne of the Lord.”  Solomon sat on “David’s throne” and Solomon sat on “the throne of the Lord.”  Was Solomon sitting on two different thrones?  Premillennialists argue that Christ is sitting on His own throne at present, but that He has not yet sat on David’s throne!  Others sat on this throne, with Zedekiah being the last on earth (2 Kg. 25:1-7).  After that, 600 years passed with no one on the throne until Christ came to earth to save man (Lk. 1:30-33; Heb. 2:9).

On What Throne Does Christ Now Sit?

The next question that needs to be asked is, “Where is Christ right now?”  “And when thy days be fulfilled and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his throne forever.  He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom forever…And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established forever before thee; thy throne shall be established forever.  According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David” (2 Sam. 7:12-13, 16-17).  Of whom is the prophet speaking?  Peter, the apostle of Christ, emphatically stated that Christ was the fulfillment of the vision (Acts 2:30).  Peter said that Christ was on the throne as he (Peter) spoke (Acts 2:32-36).  Peter made this statement in A.D. 33.  Since no Bible verse indicates that Christ has left that throne one can correctly infer that the Lord is still there.  According to premillennialism, Christ will reign with His saints for 1,000 year on earth.  According to the Bible, when Christ is on His throne, David will be in his grave (2 Sam. 7:12).  Premillennialists thus consign David to hell for they believe and teach that the righteous will be on earth with Christ and the wicked will be in their graves.[2]

Three Thrones Equal One Throne

A third question that needs to be asked is, “Are God’s throne, Christ’s throne, and David’s throne all the same?”  Solomon sat on David’s throne (1 Kg. 2:12).  But, according to 1 Chronicles 29:23 this was “the throne of the Lord.”  The same throne that is called Solomon’s is the throne of the kingdom of Israel (1 Kg. 1:37, 46-47).  Christ is “the seed of David.”  “Which He had promised before by His prophets in the holy scriptures; Concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh” (Rom. 1:2-3; see also Acts 13:33).  God gave David’s throne to Christ (Lk. 1:30-33).  Christ’s throne is God’s throne (Rev. 3:21).  Therefore, God’s throne, Christ’s throne, and David’s throne are the same.

From Earth to Heaven

A fourth question that needs to be asked is, “Where did God assign David’s throne eternally?”  The psalmist wrote, “I have made a covenant with My chosen, I have sworn unto David My servant, Thy seed will I establish forever, and build up thy throne to all generations…My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of My lips.  Once have I sworn by My holiness that I will not lie unto David.  His seed shall endure forever, and his throne as the sun before me.  It shall be established forever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven” (Ps. 89:3-4, 34-37).  The answer to our query is clear.  God said that David’s throne would be for his “seed” (Christ, see above under the third question) forever and would be a faithful witness, not on earth, but in heaven.  God said further that He would not alter that promise.  There will not be a time when Christ will sit on some imaginary throne in Jerusalem.  He was exalted above the angels (Heb. 1:13; Ps. 110:1).  He was resurrected to sit at the right hand of God (Ps. 16:8-10; Acts 2:25-36).  If Christ is not the fulfillment of the prophetic statements in Psalms 16 and 89, there was no need for His resurrection.  He might as well have stayed in the grave until His second coming to be given His throne in Jerusalem as premillennialists teach! 

Keith serves as Dean of Academics and Student Life at the Memphis School of Preaching

 


[1] Webster’s Seventh Collegiate Dictionary and W.E. Vine, Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words (Old Tappan, New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1966), pg. 134.

[2] W.E. Blackwood, Jesus Is Coming (Old Tappan, New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1932), pp. 99-100. 

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